The extensive old deserted site covering an area of nearly six sq. km remained famous as the capital of the Malava gana (republic). The site was excavated in 1942-43 by Krishna Deva on behalf of the Jaipur State Department of Archaeology. It continued to be called Malavanagara even up to the tenth century A.D. More than 6000 Malava coins have been discovered bearing legends Malavanam Jayah or Malavaganasya Jayah. Carlleyle and Cunningham supported by Allan assigned them to a period between A.D. 200 and A.D. 350. But Smith and Rapson thought that their initial date is around 150 B.C. and their terminal date may extend up to the fourth and fifth centuries A.D. One leader of the republic, whose name has not been fully deciphered, raised the standard of revolt and celebrated the ekashashtirata sacrifice in A.D. 226 to proclaim the independence of his republic.