This early historical site was excavated by the Swedish Archaeological Expedition, during 1952-4. The first settlement was laid around A.D. 250 during Kushana period and flourished up to the sixth or seventh century A.D. During excavations, coins of Kanishka III, besides the Murundas and three earlier coins of Kanishka I, Huvishka and Vasudeva and a seal palaeographically datable to A.D. 300, have been found. Excavation has revealed eight structural phases. The structures were built of mud-bricks of varying sizes but the normal size was about 32 x 23 x 7 cm. The bricks were laid in the English bond system. The floors were paved with mud-bricks. The houses were rectangular with north-south orientation. The site is famous for the manufacture of typical ceramic industry termed as Rang Mahal Ware culture. This distinctive pottery is wheel-made, reddish or pinkish in colour. The types include globular or oval jars and handi with pronounced rims, externally rusticated showing wavy ribs. In some cases the shoulder and the neck are painted in black-on-red polished surface, other types are spouted vase, sprinkler, cooking vessels, storage jars, beaker with or without handle, bowls of different varieties, lamp, incense-burner, etc. A few carinated handis have textile marks on the body. Moulded pottery is represented by the bowl and miniature basin. The decorations on the pottery are applied and incised patterns and paintings. The cultural assemblage also includes figurines in faience, terracotta animal figurines, carts and wheels, weights, balls, flesh-rubbers, discs, dice, votive tanks, potters stamps, pendants, ear-ornaments, beads of coral, paste, lapis lazuli and shell; rotary querns, mullers, pestles and bone and iron objects.
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Notification No. Act No. LXXI of 1951 dated 28.11.1951
Notification in PDF * view
Ownership Status Government
Topographical Features Dry bed of the river Ghaggar.
1 A. Ghosh (ed.), An Encyclopaedia of Indian Archaeology in 2 Volimes(New Delhi 1989);
2 Henna Rydh, Rang Mahal (Lund 1959);
3 Progress Report of the Archaeological Survey of India, Western Circle, year 1920-21; and
4 S.P. Gupta(ed.), An Archaeological Tour Along the Ghaggar-Hakra River by Sir Aurel Stein(Meerut 1989)
Locality Tehsil District State
Rangmahal Suratgarh Ganganagar Rajasthan